toxandoria:旧「toxandoriaの日記」

W,Ⅴ.O.クワインによれば、地理や歴史から物理学や数学、論理学までに至る知識や信念の総体は周縁部(フリンジ)でのみ経験と接する人工の構築物ないしは「境界条件が経験であるような力(持続的ダイナミズム)の場」とされ、この描像の下で理論(又はイデオローグ)と合致しない観察結果が得られたとき生ずるのは何らかの特定の仮説の撤回ではなく、信念体系内部の各命題に割り当てられていた真理値の再配分であり、そこには多くの選択の余地(つまり無限の可能性が絶えず拓ける状態)がある。中山康雄著『科学哲学』(人文書院)

2006ǯ???ƤΥե????ɥ??ʥ?????????٥륮????ι?Ԥΰ???/?????????ԣ?


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?????ܤϡ????ޤ??ˤ?ͭ̾?ʥ????֥????Ȥ??????????١١?1642/Oil??on??canvas??359??438cm??Rijksmuseum??Amsterdam??http://www.abcgallery.com/R/rembrandt/rembrandt27.html?ˤǤ??????β????ϥ???????????Ǥ????糰?ԽФʤΤǡ??????ֹ?Ω???ॹ?ƥ???????Ѵۡפ?ˬ?ͤʤ????վޤ??뤳?Ȥ??Ǥ??ޤ?????


???????ۤ??????Ѵۻ˾??Ǻ????β??????????ԤäƤ????Ȥ????Ǥ??????????١٤??ޤ᤿???פʼ?¢???ʤ??ܴ?ʻ?ߤΡ֥ե????åץ????פ?Ÿ???????Ƥ??ޤ??????????֥????Ȥϡ????κ??ʤǣ???????˥???????????????Ӥ??????ľ??????˷???Ū?ʵ?ǰ?????Ǥ???Ƥޤ????????Ť??????Ǥ????????κ??ʤؤΥ??ޡ??????ΤĤ?????toxandoria???????˽񤤤??????ΰ??????㴳??ľ???Ʋ???[??]??ž?ܤ??Ƥ????ޤ????????ܡ??????ܤϤ??Ρֹ?Ω???ॹ?ƥ???????Ѵۡפγ??ѤǤ???


????2004.4.15???إ???????θ??٤???????6/6??-1??http://d.hatena.ne.jp/toxandoria/20050324????????ʬž?ܡʰ???Ҥ??????


???ҤΤ??ȤǤ?????????????????ä????Υ???????ǡ???????礭?ʱƶ??Ϳ?????Ȥ?????̣?????ܤ??٤????ʲ??Ȥ??????ޤ????·ʤ?¨???Ĥ????Ū??ñ???˶ᤤ??Ĵ?ǡ????ij????̿??Τ褦?ʥꥢ?뤵???????ñ???ͼ???ñ????Ĵ?ͼ??ˤ????ʲ??פ???Ω???????????󡦥ե??󡦥饤?????????Salomon van Ruisdael/ca1600??1670??http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/r/ruysdael/jacob/2/index.html?ˤȥ??󡦥ե??󡦥ۥ???????Jan van Goyen/1596-1656??http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/g/goyen/1/view_lei.html?ˤ????ͤǤ???


???????????????ͤΤ?????󡦥ե??󡦥ۥ??????ϡ???塼???åס??Х֥??˼????ͤù??????Ա??ʲ??ȤǤ??????ȤȤ???????ۥ??????ϡ??Ԥ????????塼???å??????????񤷤ޤ????????ɤϥХ֥??????????˻????Ƥ????ΤǤ????????ơ??ۥ??????ϥ?塼???åס??Х֥????????20ǯ????1656ǯ??????????ޤ????????λ???Ǥ?̤??897????????ʸ??????????1,800???ߡˤ????Ĥ???²?˻Ĥ????Ƥ??ޤ??????????Ǥˤ⡢?????ޤǤδ֡??ۥ??????ϵ??ۤ????Ĥ??ֺѤΤ?????ͥ?줿???ʲ??򤻤ä??????³???????Ȥˤʤ??ΤǤ???


??塼???åס??Х֥뤬ȯ??????Τ?1634ǯ?Ǥ????????κ??Υ????֥????Ȥϡȥ????????Ȥη뺧?????ॹ?ƥ?????λ?̱?????????륫?ȹ??ʥ??ॹ?ƥ?????β????ȹ????????ɤȽ???????Ǥ????????Σ?ǯ??ˤϡ?????̾????쵤?˹??᤿?إ˥??饹???ƥ????????Τβ?˶?عֵ?١?http://www.abcgallery.com/R/rembrandt/rembrandt114.html?ˤ?????????Ƥ??ޤ????????ơ?1639ǯ?˥????֥????Ȥ?1.3??????????ʸ??????????26,000???ߡˤ???š???ʸ??ߤε?ǰ?֥ۡ????֥????Ȥβȡס?Rembrandthuis?ˡˤ????????Ƥ??ޤ???


????????????š???????äƤ???14ǯ?塢?????֥????Ȥ?47?Фˤʤä?????8,470????????ʸ??????????17,000???ߡˤ?̤ʧ????????ᤵ???ơ?????9,180????????ʸ??????????18,000???ߡˤ??μڶ??򤷤Ƥ??ޤ????ԡ??????ˤ?ǯ????0.5??????????ʸ??????????10,000???ߡˤ⤢?ä??Ȥ??????????֥????Ȥϡ??ɤΤ褦??Ģ???????碌?Ƥ????ΤǤ??礦?????????֥????Ȥ??ۥ??????Τ褦?˥?塼???å??????˼??????᤿???ɤ?????ʬ?????ޤ?????


?Ȥ⤫???⡢????????Τߤʤ餺?衼???å?????̾????ڤ????????֥????ȹ?˼?ε??͡ʥޥ????????ˤϡ??˻????֤ǣ????Ф?????򽪤????ΤǤ????˻???????򽪤????Ȥ??????ȤǤϥե????᡼????Ʊ???Ǥ??????κʤξڸ??Ͽ?ˤ????С???ǯ?Υե????᡼???Ϸ??Ȥ??Ƥ????辦?λŻ??????軰???????????פ?;?Ȥ?????Կ??Ȥʤꡢ?????ͤλҤɤ???????褬???礷???ޤ??¤?????ʵ?ǯ?????Сˤ??Ĥ??Ƥ??ޤ????ե????᡼???׸??ΰ??Ȥ??˻???????????????ޤ᤿?ե????᡼??????⻺?϶????ˤʤ??ޤ?????


????????֥???????θ??פ???ɽ?ԤȤ??????????֥????Ȥȥե????᡼?뤬???Ȥ??˷к?Ū?Х??󥹤򼺤ä??ޤ?????򽪤??Ƥ??ޤ????????Τ??Ȥˤ??ä??????κ??ʤηݽѲ??ͤ??ʤ??????뤳?ȤϹͤ??????ޤ??󡣤????ɤ??�??????ΰ??????ä????ȸ?ʶ???ۤɤι⤤??????ͥ?줿ɽ???Ϥο????ޤ???ã???ʤ??顢?????Ǥ????ͤ??ͤ????????ۤ????Ťʻ????Ǹ??¤?ľ?뤷³?????????֥????Ȥȥե????᡼???θ??Ū?ʻ?????????¤??ϡ????Υ?????㡼???????????Ǻ??¤??԰¤θ???????????????????????Ф???̤?Τδ?˾?Ρָ??פ?̤?褫???ȼͤ??Ƥ????ΤǤ???


?????֥????Ȥȥե????᡼?뤬?????Τ褦?????????¿???ο͡??ο??????˺????¤??ʤ???Ʃ??³???????????ȥ?????????¤???????ʤ??顢?????ηݽѲȤȤ??Ƥθɹ??????Ķ??ΥХ??󥹤Τ??????Ỵ?ʳ?Ʈ??³?????Ȥ??????¡??????ơ????μ????η褷?ƹ????ȤϤ????̿?????????????ȴ?̤????Ȥ??????¤????٤??С????ϱ?????ʢ?????䤹???Ȥȸ??ϤȲȻ??ʻ?Ū???ϡˤ??ݼ顦?Ѿ?????ˤ????ؿ??????????????????Ҷ⸶??????ʥޥͥ??ꥺ?ึ??????ˤΥǥߥ??르????demiurgos?ˤ?????ͣ????Ȥ??ƿ????롢?ޤ??ǥ????ȤΤ褦?ʡֻԾ츶??????פ??Ȥä??????Ҳ??δ??Ū???꡼?Ȥ???????äڤ??ʸ??ɤ????????????ѥե????ޥ󥹡????軰?????ɤʹ?̱???Ԥ????Ĥġ??ޤ??ǥ??ե????຾???դΤ褦??̵???ʹ?̱???̤??ӲԤ???ƻ???ȸ???????뤤?ϼ??餬???????Ū??????????????Ǥ⤢?뤫?Τ褦?˺??Ф????줷?????񤦰???????ȡ??????ν?????ѳؼԡ????ѷݽѲȡ????ѥޥ????߿͡????Ѿ??ͤ??ˤη???????ǰ????ʺ???????ʤ????????٤??Ǥ???



?????ܤϡ???󥻥??ȡ??ե??󡦥??åۡ?Vincent??van??Gogh/1853-1890?ˤ?????????Υ??쥯????????ͭ?????֥??ॹ?ƥ???ࡦ???å????Ѵۡס?VAN??GOGH??MUSEUM/http://www3.vangoghmuseum.nl/vgm/index.jsp?lang=en?ˤο??ۤΥ??᡼???Ǥ?????????????????Ÿ???˻Ȥ???????ʪ?Ǥ????????ܤι???ϻ????߷פ?1999ǯ?˥????ץ󤷤????ΤǤ???


???ޤ??ޡ????ϡ????ܤε???Ÿ/???????????Ի׵ġ??????ꡦ???쥯??????????????ѡ١?Japanse??Zomer/http://www.holland.or.jp/nbt/holland_feature_articles_2006.07.htm?ˤ????????Ǥ??????????пȤ??ٹ??ǥ????֥??å????ءʥ˥塼?????å??˶????Ǥ⤢?륫???????Τ??????????ܥ??쥯?????????椫?鸷????줿200???Ÿ???????Ƥ??ꡢ?ޤ??˰????Ǥ???????????????????????Ѥ????åۤ?Ϳ?????ƶ???礭???Ȥ???????Ǥʤ?????????????Ϥ??衼???åѽ????????ܤ????????Ѥظ??????¡??ʤ??̴ؿ????????ޤ???


?㻲?͡?The Khalili collection was assembled by Professor Nasser D. Khalili. ?Born in Iran in 1945, the scholar, patron and businessman has assembled several impressive art collections in the last forty years, from Islamic art and Spanish metalwork to Swedish and Indian textiles. ?His collection of Meiji art comprises some 2,000 items. ?The entire Khalili collections comprise more than 25,000 objects.http://www.orinst.ox.ac.uk/nme/nesp/visiting.htm


?????ܤϡֹ?Ω???ॹ?ƥ???????Ѵۡפα??ʤǤ????????η?ʪ?Ϥ??Ρ֥??å????Ѵۡ??̴ۡפ?΢????ʬ?Ǥ???ϻ???ܤϡ??????ܤε???Ÿ/???????????Ի׵ġ??????ꡦ???쥯??????????????ѡ٤Υݥ??????????᡼???ǡ??????ܤϡ֥??å????Ѵۡ׽?¢?Υ??åۤ???????زֺ餯?ߥ??ڡʹ??ź????ϼ̡ˡ١?1887 oil on canvas/Japonaiserie: Plum tree in Bloom (after Hiroshige). September-October 1887. Vincent van Gogh Foundation, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh.?ˤǤ????????ݥ˥??????礭?ʴؿ????????????åۤǤ??????????????뤵?????ʿ??̡??桼???饹?ʳ???̣????????????????????̤??ä˵??????äƤ????褦?Ǥ???


Ȭ???ܤϡ??֥??å????Ѵۡפ???????̾?⤤?֥??󥻥??ȥإܥ??ס?Concertgebouw?ˤ?˾???ʴѤǤ????????ϡ?1888ǯ?˳??ߤ??줿????Ǻǹ??β??????????ؤ륳?󥵡??ȥۡ????Ǥ???????ʤ??顢??????祪???????ȥ??ʥ??????󡢥٥????󡢥??󥻥??ȥإܥ??ˤΰ??ĤǤ????֥�???롦???󥻥??ȥإܥ??ɸ????ġפ??ܵ??ϤǤ???



?????ܤϡ??֥??ॹ?ƥ?????????ءפΥ??᡼???Ǥ????????ˤ??ΰ?ŷ???ǻ??Ƥ˼??Ԥ????????ե꡼?????????Ѥ??ޤ?????by ?ե꡼????http://www.h3.dion.ne.jp/~aqua21/kabegami.htm?ˡ????Ƥ??줿?Τ?1889ǯ?????22ǯ?ˤǡ??????ء??ݤ????ؼˤΥ??ǥ??ˤʤä??Ȥ????Ƥ??ޤ????????????ֵ??ڷ????????ס?Beurs van Beritage/???ߤϡ??֥?????????ե????ϡ????ˡ??ɸ????ġפ??ܵ??ϤȤʤ??ۡ????ˤ??̤ꡢ?Ѹ??ε???Ȥʤ??ֲ??ܡס?Koninklijk Paleis/17????Υ???????Ϣˮ???¹?????Ω?λ??˷??Ƥ??줿??ģ?ˤ򲦵ܤȸƤ?/?塹?ι񲦤λ??Ѥ??Фơ????Ϸ??дۡˤ??????֥?๭???פޤ???????10ʬ?̤Ǥ???


?????ܤϡ???????????ʶ????פ???̾?????ġ?14??????˷??Ƥ??줿????å??ͼ??Ρֿ??????ס?De Nieuwe Kerk Amsterdam?ˤǡ??ֵ춵???פ˼?????¤???줿?????ˤ????ƤФ??ޤ???1814ǯ?ʹߡ????ζ????ǤϹ񲦤??״??????Ԥ????Ƥ??ޤ???̤??????ΰ?????̤????Τ??ṩ?????λѤǤ??????????ܤϡ?Ʊ???????դηʴѤǤ??????????ܤϡ????ο??????Τ????¦??ή???뱿?Ϥ????ʤǤ????ʤ????֥?๭????(Dam)????????500m?̤ΤȤ????ˡֵ춵????(Oude Kerk)???????ޤ???13??????????ߤ??Ϥޤꡢ???????Կ??ǤΡֿ??????פη??ߤ??٤졢????????ˤ?15??????ޤǤ??????ޤ??????ޤ????Ǹ??ν?????ä??Τ?1998ǯ?Ǥ??????ͥ??󥹴??Υ??ƥ??ɥ??饹???ѥ??ץ??륬???ʤɤ??????ȤʤäƤ??ޤ???



???????ܤα?????ǿͤ??ߤ?????????ʪ?ϡ֥????͡??ե??󥯤βȡס?Anne??Frank??Huis?ˤΡ??????????ն??????ʤǤ????????͡??ե??󥯤ϡ?????????????????˥ʥ?????ҥȥ顼?????????????????ͤΰ??ͤǤ????????ΰ??ȣ??ͤϡ??ʥ?????ܤ?ƨ??1944ǯ?????1944ǯ8???ޤǤΤ?????????ΰ??Ѥη?ʪ??????????褷?ޤ??????????ȤΤ?????ʪ?ϡָ????βȡפˤ??ꡢ????βȡפ??㥪?åȡ????ե??󥯤β??ҤΥ??ե????Ǥ???????1941ǯ?ʹߤϥ?????ϻ?̱?ϲ??ҷбĤ??ؤ??????Ƥ??????ᡢ???åȡ????ե??󥯤??̿ͤ?̾??Dz??Ҥ???Ͽ???Ƥ????ΤǤ???????????1944ǯ8??4??Ԥ????????奿?ݡ???̩?ٻ??ˤ?̩?𤷤????ᡢ???Ȥϥ?????????åĤؤ????????뤳?Ȥˤʤ??ޤ???


13????????????ǥ볤?ʺ??ϥ????????ФȤʤäƤ????ˤ????깾???�???ॹ?ƥ????βϸ??μ????Ӥ˵??դ?????꽻?????褦?ˤʤ??ޤ????????ϳ??ߤ????ɤ?¤???ޤ??????䤬?Ƴ????ε?ή???ɤ??????ϸ??˥?????ۤ??ޤ????????줬???ॹ?ƥ??֥???פλϤޤ??Ȥ????Ƥ??ꡢ???????ܤϡ????ν????ƥ?ब?ۤ??줿?????ȸ???????դ??????ʤǤ????䤬?ơ????ξ????ʵ?¼??ȯŸ??³????1275ǯ?ˤ??μ??ۥ??????줫?鼫???ԻԤ??õ???????Ƥ??ޤ????????ϡ֥?๭???פˤ??᤯?????ॹ?ƥ??????̾?⡢???κǽ??Υ???˻Ϥޤ??Ȥ????Ƥ??ޤ???



???????ܤϡ??֥?๭???פ??鹹????????10ʬ?ۤ???????Ȥ????ˤ????֥?????????(Munttoren)?Ǥ??????Ρ֥????????פϡ?15??17????ޤǤϻ????θ?ĥ???Ǥ???????1620ǯ?????Ф????ɤ??ü?????????????Ĥ??ޤ????????ߤϡ????ॹ?ƥ?????濴?θ?????Υ????ܥ?Ū??¸?ߤǤ????ʤ????ȥ????ȡɡʹŲߤΰ?̣?ˤȸƤФ??????ϡ?1627??1628ǯ?????????ǥ͡??ǥ???????Ϣˮ?ιŲߤ???¤?????Ƥ????????Ȥ????Ƥ??ޤ???


???Ρ֥????????פȱ??Ϥ??ۤ????¦?ˤϡ?ͭ̾?ʡ֥??󥲥??βֻԡס?Singel Bloemenmarkt/?ֲ??ϡ????٤Ʊ??Ϥ??⤫????ξ??ˤ????ˤ??????ޤ??????βֻԤ?ȿ?Фˡ??֥????????פ????ظ???????ľ???ˡ֥????֥????ȹ????פ˽Фޤ??????ι???????¦?α??Ϥ??ۤ????Ȥ????ˡ֥????֥????Ȥβȡס?Rembrandthuis?ˤ??????ޤ?????ϻ???ܤϡ????ॹ?ƥ?????α??ϥ??롼???򤹤??ܡ??Ȥ??¤?????????????ʤǤ???


???????ܤϡ????ॹ?ƥ?????ǺǤ??Ť????????ؤ??֥??å?????????????ɹ????ס?Gassan Diamondsd??http://www.holland.or.jp/nbt/holland_amsterdam_no2_gassan_diamonds.htm?ˤη?ʪ?Ǥ??????å?????????????ɤϡ֥ե????䡼?פȸƤФ?????????????ɤα????ͤʵ??????????Ф??ǹ????θ??ᵻ?Ѥ????Ƥ?19????ε???????ư?????ṩ???????äƤ??ꡢ???⤽???????ε??Ѥ?????Ƥ??ޤ????ʤ????٥륮???ʥ????ȥ?ס??Ԥǿ????ޤ????Ǥ????????ù?????????????濴?ϤȤ??ƤΥѥ?ʼ????̡ˤϡ????ϥ????ȥ?פ???ॹ?ƥ??????ο?路?Ƥ????褦?Ǥ??????????ˤ??Ƥ⡢??????????٥륮??ξ???βù???????????ɤμ????̤Ϲ??碌???Ⱥ??Ǥ??????90????Ķ?????褦?Ǥ???



??Ȭ???ܤϡ????ॹ?ƥ?????????ؤ???????뤳?????????󣲣?ʬ?ε?Υ?ʥ�?????̤??ȥ????֥????ȤβȤ??????դ??ˤˤ????֥??ॹ?ƥ???????ءס?University of??Amsterdam HP??http://www.uva.nl/index.cfm/la=en/th=main?ˤΥ�?ޡ????Ǥ????֥??ॹ?ƥ???????ءפΤ?????¦?ˤϡ?????Ʊ???ؤλ??ߤΰ????ȤʤäƤ??????쥤???ɲ??Ҥη?ʪ?ס?Oostindisch??Huis/16??18????Υ?????????쥤???ɿ?̱?Ϥ????ܤ??????㡦?䡦??????ʤɤ򰷤ä?????Ū?õ????ҡˤ??????ޤ???


???ॹ?ƥ???????ؤ?1632ǯ?ˡ?Athenaeum Illustre?סʥ??ƥʥ??????ر??ˤȤ??ƽ?ȯ????1877ǯ?˸??ߤΤ褦?ʥ??ॹ?ƥ???????ؤȤʤ??ޤ????????ߤϡ????????dz????????Ͷ??????????ؤȤʤäƤ??ޤ????ʤ???????????ǺǸŤ????ؤϥ饤?ǥ??ˤ????֥饤?ǥ????ءס?1575ǯ???ߡˤǤ????饤?ǥ????ء?Universiteit Leiden??http://www.leidenuniv.nl/?????????15,000?͡ˤϡ??֥?????????Ω?????ס?1568-1648?ˤǡ?Ĺ???ˤ錄?ꥹ?ڥ???????Ϥ????ޤ??????褯?Ѥ??ơ??????˥???????(Willem van Oranje/1533-1584)?ε߱???????????????ޤ??????Τ??ᡢ?饤?ǥ???̱?????ͦ?????񹳱?ư???Τ??ơ֥饤?ǥ????ؤ????ߡפ??????˥???????????ޤ?????


???θ塢?饤?ǥ????ؤϥ???????ɤ??濴?Ȥʤ??ޤ????????????????ߥ˥????ɡ?ͽ??????ǧ???ʤ?Ω???ˤε???Ȥʤä??????㤷???????????ȳؼԤ??ؤ???ʤɤ????????ޤ????????????å?¦?Ρ??й????????ספ??Ф????ؽ??ݸ??Τ?????17??18????ˤϿ?ʸ?ء?ŷʸ?ء???˶?ء???ʪ?ء?ʪ???ء????ؤʤɤ??????ν??¤??ޤ??졢?????Υ衼???åѤ?ͭ???????ؤȤʤ??ޤ???1885ǯ(???18ǯ)?ˤϡ????ܳزʡפ???Ω???줿???Ȥ⤢?ꡢ?????饤?ǥ????ؤϥ衼???åѤǶ??ؤ????ܸ????ʵڤ????ܸ춵???ˤε?????????ȤʤäƤ??ޤ???


?????ˤ?????????????ȡ????Ŀ?ƻ?餬α?ء?1862-1865?ˤ???1851ǯ?˥饤?ǥ????ؤǺǽ??????ܸ춵???ȤʤäƤ???J??J???ۥեޥ???Johan Joseph Hoffman/1805-1878/?????ܥ??Ȥ??????????ܡ٤??Խ??????Ԥ˶???/???ܽ??Υ??????????δ??Ԥˤ????Ϥ????äˤ?????????????ʸˡ??Japansche Spraakleer?١?(1867)?ϲ???Ū??ϫ???ˤ????餫?????ܸ????ؤ??Ǥ??ޤ????饤?ǥ????ؤ?ʸ?????˽?°?????????ܳإ??󥿡??סʸ??ԤΥ????å???25̾?????????350̾?ˤˤ????????̤Υ????ܥ??Ȥ???????ä????Ťʥ??쥯?????󤬤????ޤ???


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